A fishermen's village in the early 13th century, a city ca 1300. From 1327 onwards property of the counts of Holland.
From 1578 onwards the town adhered to the protestant religion. In this period it underwent a rapid expansion, because many protestants fled to there from the catholic south.
Patron saint of the city: Nicolas.
|Agnesklooster, women's convent; Franciscan tertiaries/Augustinian nuns|
|Claraklooster, women's convent; Franciscan tertiaries|
|Maria Magdalenaklooster (women's convent; Franciscan tertiaries/Augustinian nuns)|
|Nicolaaskerk or Oude Kerk, built ca 1300|
|Our Lady's church or Nieuwe Kerk, ca 1400 or early 15th century, dedicated to Maria and Catharina, but usually called Nieuwe Kerk|
|Nieuwezijdskapel or Sacramentskapel, founded 1346|
|Oude Nonnenklooster, Agustinian nuns|
|Oudezijdskapel or St. Olofskapel, founded mid 15th century|
|Van Eeghen: Vrouwenkloosters en begijnhof in Amsterdam|